April 18 - August 26, 2012
At the exhibition participate works from the collection of Sepherot Foundation (Liechtenstein)
The exhibition «Portraits of the Collectors” is intended to show the current state of the private collecting in Russia, as well as the productivity of the work carried out by the Museum, which helps to keep in touch with a new generation of collectors. The name of the exhibition itself – «Portraits of Collectors» - indicates that the focus is the individuality of the collector and his collection. This is a sort of collective portrait of Russian collectors of fine art, which shows the range of their artistic sympathies and interests.
There are about 300 works of art from different Moscow collections – A.A. Avdeev, P.O. Aven, I.B. Bazhenova, V.A. Bondarenko, M.A. Boxer, A.A. Garin, I.S. Glazunov, V.G. Goryaschenko, K.I. Grigorishin, V.A. Dudakov and M.K. Kashuro, A.G. Egorov, Yu.A. Ignatiev, M.B. Kocherov, V.A. Logvinenko, T.O. and I.R. Manasherov, O.V. and Ya.V. Panchenko, M.E. Perchenko, Yu.M. Petukhov, S.A. and T.A. Podstanitsky, M.V. Salina and S.A. Krivosheyeva, A.Yu. Smuzikova, M.A. Suslov, V.V. Tsarenkov, A.N. Chistyakov, A.G. Shveydel – are featured in the exposition, located in the halls of the first floor of the Department of Private Collections. The exhibition introduces viewers to the features of each of the collections and their best works. These are Byzantine and Old Russian icons, paintings and drawings by old masters of the 16th - 18th centuries of Germany, Holland, Flanders, France and Italy, art of France at the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries and the first third of the 20th century, as well as paintings, drawings and sculpture of Russia of the 18th - first half of the 20th century.The exhibition mainly demonstrates collecting of the last two decades, but the collections formed earlier are featured as well. These are the collections of Ilya Sergeyevich Glazunov, Valery Aleksandrovich Dudakov and Marina Konstantinovna Kashuro, Mikhail Efremovich Perchenko and others. Alexander Shveydel’s collection of paintings is represented by the art paintings of the Netherlands, Holland and Germany of the 16th-18th centuries. The subscription work of Jan Brueghel the Younger and Pieter van Avont «Virgin and Child with Saint John the Baptist, an Angel and a Lamb in Flower Garland» was made in the mature period of creativity of the artist in the 1640s. The work of Peter Gerrits STRATEN «Peasants in the Interior» pertains to the early period of artist's creativity and gives an idea of how the theoretical basis of illustrations of proverbs in fine art of Dutch artists of 16th-17th centuries is applied practically. The work of Jacob de Backer «Lot and his Daughters» made in the last third of the 16th century, is one of the variants of Jacob de Backer’s painting stored in the art gallery of the palace of Sanssouci in Potsdam. Subscription work «Dessert with Fruits, Oysters and Wine» made by Jacobus van der Hagen in late 17th century belongs to the category of «luxury» still-life paintings. There are no paintings of this artist, as well as the paintings of Peter Gerrits STRATEN in public art museums in Russia.The collection of Ilya Sergeyevich Glazunov began to form in the 1960s. The collection is represented at the exhibition by outstanding works of Russian art of 18th - first half of the 19th centuries - paintings of Rokotov, Levitsky, Borovikovsky, as well as the works of West European masters. The painting «Virgin and Child» by the outstanding Bolognese painter of the 17th century Guercino (real name - Giovanni Francesco Barbieri) deserves special attention. At the beginning of the 19th century, it was part of collection of the Empress Josephine, wife of Napoleon, later it was acquired for the Hermitage, where it remained until 1862, and then it was transferred to the Moscow Rumyantsev Museum. In 1925 it was transferred to the museum's central store, and in 1928 it was moved into Antiques. It was considered lost for a long time, but the picture was owned by one Moscow family, where it was acquired by I.S. Glazunov. The painting of Giovanni Paolo Pannini depicting scenes against the ancient ruins of Rome is distinguished by its exceptionally high level. Collection of Valery Aleksandrovich Dudakov and Marina Konstantinovna Kashuro are rightfully considered to be one of the largest collections of Russian and Soviet art in our country, the core of which are unique works of symbolist artists who belonged to the «Blue Rose» union: P. Kuznetsov, P. Utkin, S. Sudeikina, N. Sapunov, A. Arapova, V. and N. Milioti, N. Krymov. The students of the University of Moscow V. Dudakov and M. Kashuro belong to the constellation of dedicated and motivated collectors, connoisseurs of national art. Currently their collection includes more than 500 art works of famous masters of the twentieth century. V.A. Dudakov is irreplaceable chairman of the Club of Collectors of Fine Art created in the first years of perestroika at the Soviet Culture Fund. Significant exhibitions of private collections in Russia and abroad were organized with his most active participation.
Collection of Mikhail Efremovich Perchenko, one of the largest collectors of West European art, formed over several decades. A large-scale exhibition of works from his collection was held in 2011 in Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, where early German and Dutch painting was represented, as well as late Gothic sculpture and furniture. At this exhibition, the works of Gillis van Coninxloo, seascape of Dutch artist Jan Peters, painting «Diana and Acteon» of Geysbreht Leytens are featured.The exhibition «Portraits of Collectors» presents a wide range of interests of collectors, who started collecting in the 1990s, when the situation in Russia had changed significantly. Russian entrepreneurs, well-known bankers, presidents of the charitable foundations and statesmen are among the new generation of collectors. Thus, the works from the collection of the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation, Alexander Avdeev, including works of the old Dutch masters, are featured in the exhibition. In recent decades, works of art mainly are purchased abroad, often at world famous auctions and have a notable origin. Peter Aven, the president of «Alfa-Bank» is a particularly notable figure among the new generation of collectors. At first he focused his collecting interest on Russian art of the early 20th century, artists of World of Art, Jack of Diamonds and Blue Rose. In recent years he has turned to the art of the early post-revolutionary time. This is the first post-Soviet collection of high museum level. The exhibition features works of Valentin Serov, Konstantin Korovin, Boris Kustodiev, Mikhail Nesterov, Zinaida Serebryakova, Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Pyotr Konchalovsky, Aristarchus Lentulov, Wassily Kandinsky and others.Russian secular art of the 18th – first half of 19th centuries, the samples of which are represented in the collection of Alexander Smuzikov are of the utmost interest for the collectors. Passion of businessman Alexander Smuzikov for Russian painting turned into collection in 1990. The works of Russian artists of the Paris School were the first acquisitions. Gradually the time frames of the collection became wider - from Russian art of after Petrine time until the middle of the 20th century. And today the works of the painters - non-objectivists Kazimir Malevich and Lyubov Popova coexist on equal terms with the classical art in the collection of A. Smuzikov.The works from the collection of gallery owner and collector Vladimir Tsarenkov introduces the spectator to art of Catherine's age. These are the works of masters of so-called «Rossika» (foreign painters working at the Russian court) - a portrait of Count Orlov (1763) by the Italian artist S. Torelli and genre painting by French painter M.-F. Damam - Demartre depicting a favorite amusement of St. Petersburg residents - skating on the Neva (1786-1796). Russian realistic school of 19th century is represented by chamber landscape paintings of outstanding artists – I. Aivazovsky «Ayu-Dag. Gurzuf» (1853) and I. Shishkin «Rainy Day» (end of 1860).Collectors’ attention and interest in foreign masters working in Russia, the so-called «Rossika», in chamber art of watercolor and miniature portraits contributed to the emergence of one of the newest collections participating in the exhibition which belongs to Sergey Alexandrovich and Tatiana Anatolievna Podstanitsky. Businessman, collector and philanthropist Vladimir Alexeyevich Logvinenko started collecting works of art from the mid-1990s and at an early stage of collecting favored the monuments of ancient icon-painting. Later he was interested in West European painting of 16th-18th centuries, sculpture, including modern, artware of Russia and Western Europe. At the exhibition, special attention should be given to two icons of gold, silver and decorated with enamel, made by the famous jeweler P. OvchinnikovThey belonged to the family of the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II. These are a folding icon «St. Olga», which was presented to the imperial family in 1895 by the citizens of Peterhof on the birth of Princess Olga, and the icon «St. Nicholas», which was presented to the royal family in 1891 by the citizens of Gatchina after the safe return the Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich, the future Tsar Nicholas II, from a journey to Japan, where an attempt on his life was made. In 1920, the icons were sold by the Soviet government to American businessman Armand Hammer. V.A. Logvinenko purchased them at Sotheby's in 2008, thus bringing the national relics back home. In addition the works of Italian artists from the collection of Logvinenko, who are notable for high museum level are featured at the exhibition. The painting «Battle of Constantine against Maxentius» by Giulio Romano is an undisputed masterpiece remounting to Raphael’s cartoon. The painting «John the Baptist» by Giovanni Baglione, the only work of a famous Roman painter in Russia, and still-life paintings with figures of Abraham Brueghel are unique.The collection of businessman Vasily Grigoryevich Goryaschenko is one of the best Moscow collections ofWest E opean painting.
Paintings of old masters can be divided into several thematic groups in this collection. The most ancient artifacts of this collection are created by German craftsmen of late 15th - first third of the 16th centuries. These are the board «St. George refuses to bow to a pagan idol» by an anonymous Swabian master in about 1480 (the series of Bartholomeus Zeitblom) and votive image «The Descent from the Cross and the family of worshipping donators» made in southern German region of Ulm around 1500. These are three paintings, executed in the workshop of Pieter Bruegel the Younger, as well as the painting «Virgin and Child», which was performed by the artist of the Rubens School. At the exhibition’s opening, V.G. Goryaschenko donated the painting of a German artist of the 18th century Adam Elias Borny «Still-life/trompe l'oeil with a picture of Dietrich in a stone niche» to the Pushkin Museum of Fine ArtsThe works of the old craftsmen of Germany, as well as of French artists of 17th-18th centuries are featured at the exhibition as a part of collection of entrepreneur Maxim Borisovich Kocherov. These include the fold of the altar «St. John the Evangelist» by the workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder, and the image of the Virgin and Child, created in the workshop of the famous painter Quentin Massys the Younger. It should be noted that the exhibited works of the Dutch masters of the 17th century such as Denis Kalvart, Gilles Bakerel, Frans van der Main, Princess Louise Hollandine, Abraham Bisschop and Willem Grasdorp are still missing in state art collections of Russia.The collections of Konstantin Grigorishin (well-known picture of Henri Rousseau «The happy quartet») and Alexander Chistyakov (brilliant «Portrait of Madame Jasmy» by Kees Van Dongen and «Bathers» by Francis Picabia) are equal to the world's leading collections in the extent and seriousness of the acquisitions. Due to their participation in the exhibition the painting of cultic artist of art deco Tamara Lempicka: explicit «Sleeping woman» and austere «Woman in Black Dress» were featured in Russia for the first time. The collection of Inna Bazhenova demonstrates the deposit of findings: rare picturesque sketch by Georges Seurat, and still life by craftsman symbolist Odilon Redon, unusual winter landscape by Henri Rousseau are here; Albert Marquet, Maurice Utrillo, craftsmen of the Paris School Moise Kisling and Jules Pascin appear in unexpected aspect. Well-known collection of Maxim Boxer («Still Life with a Statuette of Buddha» by Othon Friesz) resonates with the collection of Moscow philanthropist spouses Panchenko. The collection of Yuri Petukhov includes drawings of major artists of the twentieth century - André Derain, Raoul Dufy, Tsuguharu Fujita.The works of Russian paintings and drawings of the 20th century are chosen from the collection of Iveta Robertovna and Tomaz Omarovich Manasherov for exhibiting at the exposition. The exhibition features original art of «naive» self-taught artist Niko Pirosmani, «Brother and Sister” (1906), «A girl and a goose with goslings» (1913). Matching panel pictures of Lado Gudiashvili «Young man with the deer» and «Young Man with the Spotted Deer» performed in 1924 in the Art Deco style during his stay in Paris demonstrate recognizable «fusion-style», born in the compound of the Georgian art tradition and European modernism. The exposure of each collection is accompanied by information about the collectors and their collections as a part of overall exposition. This approach allows us to see the individuality of collectors in light of their private collections, to reveal their interests, aesthetic taste, and peculiarities of the design of each collection.